The Use of Various Elements in Nickel-based Alloys
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The effects of boron and silicon elements: significantly reduce the melting
point of the alloy, expand the temperature range of the solid-liquid line, and
form a low-melting eutectic; deoxidation and reduction and slag-making
functions; hardening and strengthening of the coating; improving the performance
of the operation process.
The role of copper: improve the corrosion resistance to non-oxidizing
The role of chromium: solid solution strengthening, passivation; improve
corrosion resistance and high temperature oxidation resistance; excess chromium
easily forms chromium carbide and chromium boride hard phases with carbon and
boron to improve alloy hardness and wear resistance .
The role of molybdenum element: large atomic radius, large distortion of the
crystal lattice after solid solution, significantly strengthening the alloy
matrix, improving the high temperature strength and red hardness of the matrix;
it can cut off and reduce the network structure in the coating; improve the
resistance to cavitation , Erosion ability nickel-based precision alloy.
Including nickel-based soft magnetic alloys, nickel-based precision
resistance alloys, and nickel-based electric heating alloys. The most commonly
used soft magnetic alloy is Permalloy with about 80% nickel. Its maximum
permeability and initial permeability are high, and its coercivity is low. It is
an important core material in the electronics industry. The main alloying
elements of nickel-based precision resistance alloys are chromium, aluminum, and
copper. This alloy has high resistivity, low temperature coefficient of
resistivity and good corrosion resistance, and is used to make resistors.
Nickel-based electric heating alloy is a nickel alloy containing 20% chromium.
It has good oxidation and corrosion resistance and can be used for a long time
at a temperature of 1000 to 1100 ℃.
Nickel-based shape memory alloy
A nickel alloy containing 50(at)% titanium. The recovery temperature is 70°C,
and the shape memory effect is good. A small change in the ratio of
nickel-titanium components can change the recovery temperature within the range
of 30 to 100°C. It is mostly used in the manufacture of automatic opening
structural parts used in spacecraft, self-exciting fasteners used in the
aerospace industry, artificial heart motors used in biomedicine, etc.
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