What is Artificial graphite ?
Guotai Junan released a research report saying that under the background of carbon neutrality, the scarcity of coal mines is prominent, and the value of assets will continue to increase. The high point of capital expenditure in the coal industry appeared in 2012. Under the general direction of carbon neutrality, the overall investment in the industry has slowed down, and capital expenditure has gradually declined. From 2021 to now, the Energy Bureau of the National Development and Reform Commission has only newly approved 17.4 million tons of production capacity. In the context of scientific carbon reduction, coal consumption will continue to dominate for a long time, and the scarcity of new batches of production capacity will drive up asset prices. The core increase in demand is provided by traditional energy sources, driving oil and natural gas prices to continue to rise, and overseas coal prices hitting new highs. The rise in coal prices will also drive up the price of Artificial graphite.
In a broad sense, all graphite materials obtained by organic carbonization and then graphitization at high temperature can be called artificial graphite, such as carbon fiber, pyrolytic carbon, foamed graphite, etc. In the narrow sense, artificial graphite usually refers to the block solid material obtained through the processes of batching, kneading, molding, carbonization and graphitization, using carbonaceous raw materials with low impurity content as aggregates, coal tar pitch, etc. as binders. Such as graphite electrodes, isostatic graphite, etc.
What is Production method of Artificial graphite ?
There are many ways to manufacture artificial graphite. The common method is to use powdered high-quality calcined petroleum coke as the main raw material, add asphalt as a binder, and then add a small amount of other auxiliary materials. After the various raw materials are combined, they are pressed into shape, and then treated in a non-oxidizing atmosphere at 2500-3000 ° C to make them graphitized.
What is the main characteristics of Artificial graphite ?
Natural graphite: The crystal development is relatively complete, the degree of graphitization of flake graphite is more than 98%, and the degree of graphitization of natural microcrystalline graphite is usually below 93%.
Artificial graphite: The degree of crystal development depends on the raw material and the heat treatment temperature. Generally speaking, the higher the heat treatment temperature, the higher the degree of graphitization. The degree of graphitization of industrially produced artificial graphite is usually less than 90%.
Natural flake graphite: It is a single crystal with a relatively simple structure and only has crystallographic defects (such as point defects, dislocations, stacking faults, etc.), and exhibits anisotropic characteristics on the macroscopic level. The grains of natural microcrystalline graphite are small, the grains are disorderly arranged, and there are pores after removal of impurities, which shows isotropy on the macroscopic level.
Artificial graphite: It can be regarded as a multi-phase material, including graphite phase transformed from carbonaceous particles such as petroleum coke or pitch coke, graphite phase transformed from coal tar binder surrounding the particles, particle accumulation or coal tar pitch. The pores formed by the binder after heat treatment, etc.
physical form Natural graphite: usually exists in the form of powder and can be used alone, but it is usually used in combination with other materials.
Artificial graphite: There are many forms, including powder, fiber and block, while artificial graphite in the narrow sense is usually block, which needs to be processed into a certain shape when used.
High quality artificial graphite manufacturer
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Prior to the impact of COVID-19 on the chemicals and materials industry and the price of the Artificial graphite, many industry observers expected low to flat growth in 2021 in all regions outside Asia, with many countries seeing slower growth compared to recent years. Operational excellence has long been a hallmark of the Artificial graphite chemical industry, and many companies are financially able to withstand short-term dips in end-market demand due to rapid leverage from reduced capex on hand.
The analysis shows that, whatever the final course of the pandemic, we can expect the inevitable long-term effects. Workplaces are expected to slowly return to pre-COVID-19 practices. Companies investing in enterprise-wide digital initiatives saw these "payoffs" in the early pandemic environment. For more information about Artificial graphite, please feel free to contact us.