Different Types of Foaming Agents (3)
The roble had hit a record low after the West imposed sweeping sanctions on Russia for its aggression in Ukraine. Russia's president recently ordered exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries to be settled in robles. The speaker of Russia's upper house of parliament said Moscow was prepared and could shift supplies to markets such as Asia if Europe refused to buy Russian energy.
European countries, which pay mostly in euros, say Russia has no right to reset contracts. The G7 rejected Russia's demand and urged companies not to agree to pay in robles, saying most contracts stipulated payment in euros or dollars. Wholesale gas prices in Europe have risen further recently on concerns about potential supply disruptions.
The Kremlin spokesman said, "According to the March 31 deadline set by Russia's president, we are developing all payment methods to get a simple, understandable, and feasible system for relevant European and international buyers,"
The markets and prices of more commodities like the concrete foaming agent would be affected because of the volatile international political situations.
Introduction to Foaming Agents
The foaming agent is a kind of material that makes the object matter into pores. It can be divided into chemical foaming agents, physical foaming agents, and surface-active agents. The chemical foaming agent is a compound which can release gas such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen and form fine pores in polymer composition after decomposition by heating. The physical foaming agent is the change of the physical form of a certain kind of material through the fine pores of foam, namely through the expansion of compressed gas, liquid volatilization, or solid dissolution and the formation of the compound.
In the last article, the physical foaming agents of hydrocarbon foaming agents and hydrofluorane (HFC) foaming agents have been mentioned. In this article, the chemical foaming agents of OBSH and DPT will be talked about.
Chemical Foaming Agents
There are many kinds of substances used as chemical foaming agents. According to the chemical structure, there are mainly N-nitrite compounds, such as N, N-nitroso pentamethylenetetramine (DPT), N, N-dimethyl-N, N-dimethyl-p-benzarbonamide (NTA), etc. Azo compounds, such as azodicarbonamide (ADC), azodiisobutyronitrile, isopropyl azodicarbonate, diethyl azodicarbonate, diazo-aminobenzene, barium azodicarbonate, etc. Hydrazide compounds, such as 4, 4-disulfonyl hydrazide diphenyl ether (OBSH), p-benzene sulfonyl hydrazide, 3, 3-disulfonyl hydrazide diphenyl sulfone, 4, 4-diphenyl sulfonyl hydrazide, 1, 3-benzene sulfonyl hydrazide, 1, 4-benzene sulfonyl hydrazide, etc. The main varieties used are foaming agents ADC, DPT, DBSH, and so on.
1. Foaming Agents OBSH
OBSH foaming agent with the chemical name 4, 4' -disulfonyl hydrazine diphenyl ether, is a low-temperature foaming agent commonly used in the plastic and rubber industry. It is mainly obtained from the reaction of sulfonated diphenyl ether with hydrazine hydrate. It was first developed and used in Japan, widely used in the field of UHF wire and cable. The advantages of OBSH foaming agents are: low decomposition temperature, no need to add decomposition additives, suitable for a variety of synthetic materials; Very low toxicity, suitable for contact with food packaging materials; Good electrical insulation performance; Vulcanizing agent and foaming agent dual role; The bubbles are fine and uniform.
2. Foaming Agents DPT
The chemical name is N, N'- two nitro five methyl tetramine. It is mainly used for the rubber foaming agent, has great decomposition heat, is often added with urea, urea derivatives, and melamine to prevent irritating smell generation, basically not used for plastic foaming.
Suppliers of Concrete Additives
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The U.S. Department of Energy has launched a $3.16 billion program to improve the supply chain for electric vehicle batteries.
The U.S. Department of Energy recently announced on its website that it will receive $3.16 billion from the bipartisan infrastructure bill to develop domestic electric vehicle battery manufacturing in the United States. $3.1 billion will be invested in new, retrofitted, and expanded facilities related to electric vehicle batteries, and $60 million will be spent on recycling and reuse of used batteries.
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