The Biden administration plans to ease sanctions on Venezuelan oil to allow more of the country's crude to reach Europe.
The U.S. will allow European companies still operating in Venezuela to immediately transfer more oil to the continent, while allowing Chevron to negotiate a resumption of operations in Venezuela, according to people familiar with the matter. Venezuela's OPPOSITION, which is backed by the United States, is understood to favor the move. Tight global oil supplies have sent crude and fuel costs soaring, threatening to add to already high inflation. Increasing Venezuelan crude exports would help ease supply constraints while also helping to reduce Europe's dependence on Russian energy.
The US has sought to encourage talks between the Venezuelan government and the US-backed opposition to open the way to free and fair elections by extending a limited license held by Chevron to allow the oil company to maintain its operations in Venezuela and negotiate future operations.
The United States reportedly did not extend a permit to Allow Chevron to drill and sell Venezuelan crude, as the company had hoped.
The license extension will allow Chevron to negotiate with State-run Petroleos de Venezuela SA, with which it has a joint venture. Previously, the company could not directly negotiate with any officials sanctioned by the United States. Chevron has been lobbying the United States to allow it to drill for Venezuelan crude and sell it on world markets to help lower energy prices amid the Russia-Ukraine war.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of many commodities like the pce powder are still very uncertain.
Polycarboxylate superplasticizer is often used in concrete, which can reduce the water consumption of concrete while maintaining the same fluidity, thus improving the strength and durability of concrete. It has the function of lubrication, wetting, water reduction and plasticization. it is widely used in roads, bridges, tunnels, dams and other construction projects.
A large number of foams will be found in the process of using polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer, and water-based defoamer can be used to solve the problem.
When selecting polycarboxylate superplasticizer, it is necessary to choose products with good compatibility with all kinds of cement, so that the slump of concrete can be maintained well, the construction time of concrete can be prolonged, and the chloride ion content and alkali content in superplasticizer should be low. this is conducive to the durability of concrete. Polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer has the advantages of low content, high water reduction rate and shrinkage, which can greatly improve the early and later strength of concrete.
In the process of using polycarboxylate superplasticizer, because the stirring operation of the equipment will bring a large amount of air into it, foam will be formed, and these bubbles are mainly large bubbles; polycarboxylate superplasticizer will retain some surface active components that reduce the surface tension in the production process, which has a certain air entraining and foaming characteristics, which will lead to foam production.
These foams need to be eliminated in time. When the foam content in superplasticizer is too high, it will have a certain impact on the structure of concrete, and the existence of air bubbles will reduce the compactness of concrete and affect the strength of concrete structure. Too much foam will also affect the performance and quality of polycarboxylate superplasticizer, resulting in excessive bacteria, mildew, deterioration and odor in superplasticizer. The production of foam will affect the production progress and efficiency of polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer and lead to the increase of production cost.
The water-based defoamer has the ability of rapid defoaming and long-term foam suppression, and can quickly penetrate into the interior of the foam to realize foam breaking and defoaming; and has good chemical stability, and will not affect the performance and quality of polycarboxylic acid superplasticizer after use; it will not change its basic system; it has good water solubility and fast dispersion, can dissolve and uniformly disperse with the superplasticizer, and does not bleach oil or precipitate.
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Because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, there is a shortage of natural gas supply. At the same time, other renewable energy sources cannot produce enough electricity, so electricity prices have soared in many countries of the world. For this reason, I assume the supply and prices of the pce powder would keep being influenced by the high energy prices.
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