The purchasing pace at the demand end of the international thermal coal market continues to slow down and the international thermal coal price continues to decline. Prices for thermal coal at major international ports continued to fall last week as buyers in Europe slowed in recent days for April, coupled with weaker-than-expected import demand from End users in China. According to China Coal Market net monitoring: Australia Newcastle port thermal coal price index was 253 USD/ton, compared with 309.02 USD/ton, down 56.02 USD/ton, down 18.13%. South Africa's Port Richards thermal coal price Index was $264.5 / mt, down the US $62.72 / mt or 19.17% from US $327.22 / mt. The European ARA Tri-port thermal coal price Index was $281.8 / ton. Does the price of thermal coal in major international ports continue to decline to affect the price of the water reducing agent?
Using concrete additives is the most effective, economical, and simple technical way to reduce the cement dosage, improve the utilization rate of industrial waste residue, and realize the high durability and performance improvement of concrete. It is a necessary material for manufacturing modern concrete. It is regarded as the third breakthrough of concrete technology after reinforced concrete and prestressed reinforced concrete.
Development Course of Water Reducing Agent:
As one of the most important concrete additives, water reducing agent plays an irreplaceable role in the development of modern concrete. Since the 1960s, Japan and Federal Germany have developed β -naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensates and melamine-formaldehyde condensates superplasticizer, commonly known as high efficient water reducing agent, resulting in the worldwide high efficient water reducing agent research, development, and application of the boom.
This kind of traditional polyelectrolyte water-reducing agent, including naphthalene, melamine, sulfamate, and lentisulfonate, has a good working performance for fresh concrete, has been continuously developed and applied for more than 30 years, and still occupies a certain market share. At that time, due to the limitations of their own structure and dispersive mechanism, they had a series of insurmountable problems, such as large slump, large shrinkage, and environmentally unfriendly.
Later, the development of polymer synthesis technology accelerated the development of new efficient water reducing agents. In the early 1980s, Japan took the lead in successfully developing polycarboxylate series water reducing agents. This new generation of polycarboxylate superplasticizer overcomes some disadvantages of traditional superplasticizers and has such outstanding advantages as low yield, good slump protection performance, the low shrinkage rate of concrete, and strong adjustability of molecular structure, large potential of high performance, and no use of formaldehyde in the production process. It is the developing direction of high-performance concrete admixture at present.
Introduction to Polycarboxylate-based High-performance Water Reducing Agent:
Polycarboxylate-based high-performance water reducing agent is defined as containing carboxylic unsaturated monomer and other monomer copolymerization. It is a type of water reducing agent with excellent performance used to help concrete with reducing water, collapse protection, strengthening, shrinkage, and environmental protection.
According to the invention patents all over the world, polycarboxylate-based high-performance water reducing agents can be divided into two categories according to the structure of the main chain: 1. Polyether with acrylic acid or methacrylic acid as the main chain grafted with different side chain lengths. 2. Polyether with maleic anhydride as the ink branch with different side-chain lengths. At present, the main differences of polycarboxylate products on the market lie in: the main chain chemical structure and length, side-chain type, length and graft density, Ionic group content, molecular weight size, and distribution. Because the molecular structure of polycarboxylate has a large degree of freedom, it possesses the potential for high performance.
Suppliers of Superplasticizer:
TRUNNANO is a reliable superplasticizer supplier with over 12-year experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development. If you are looking for a high-quality concrete superplasticizer, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union, and Paypal. Trunnano will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
With the outbreak of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, the market is increasingly worried about the potential disruption of Russia's energy supply. Geopolitical premiums have pushed up the price of crude oil and natural gas, and the energy price is expected to remain high in the short term. Affected by this, the market price of the water reducing agent may continue to rise.
Fraport sees lower cargo volumes in 2022 as the ongoing war in Ukraine, restrictions in China and a slowing global economy continue to weigh on its performance. Cargo volu…
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), produced primarily by differentiated syncytiotrophoblasts, is a key embryonic signal necessary for the maintenance of pregnancy. hCG can activate various signaling levels in multiple cell types through binding to l…
A woman is most fertile on certain dates of their menstrual cycle. The fertile window generally covers the six-day period which ends with the date of Ovulation. There are a number of effective methods…