Roche and its subsidiary TIB Molbiol have developed a series of tests for the detection of the monkeypox virus, the Switzerland-based pharmaceutical company announced.
The monkeypox virus is a close relative of the smallpox virus, belonging to orthpoxviridae in the poxviridae family.
The modular virus detection tool, called LightMix, includes three orthpoxvirus detection kits with different functions, Roche said in a statement. The first kit detects orthpoxvirus; The second kit tests only for monkeypox virus (west and Central African branches); The third kit contains the main functions of the first two kits, showing specific information on the presence of the monkeypox virus (west and Central African branches) as well as the detection of orpoxvirus.
Thomas Schinek, a Roche executive, said the new test could detect monkeypox and help track its spread. Such diagnostic tools are critical for addressing and ultimately managing emerging public health challenges, as they advance responses such as tracking efforts and treatment strategies.
The monkeypox virus was first identified in 1958 in a group of monkeys used for research when the animals developed a "pox-like" infection, hence the name. Since May, several non-endemic countries have reported human cases of the monkeypox virus, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Portugal, Spain, and Italy.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk tungsten powder are still very uncertain.
With metals, direct comparisons based on strength do not work. Because there is no single, universal scale of power. Four types of strength related to metallurgy will be introduced in this article.
Tensile strength is the ability of a material to resist tension. It takes into account the force required to stretch or pull something apart. Materials with low tensile strength are easier to pull apart than materials with high tensile strength.
Compressive strength is the ability of a material to withstand compression (compression). To test the compressive strength, an external force is applied to the material to track how much the material resists a reduction in size. A widely accepted test for compressive strength is the Mohs hardness test. The test uses a 1-10 or softest and hardest mineral grading scale.
Yield strength is the ability of a material to withstand permanent deformation or bending. This is a way of testing the elastic limit of a given material. This is usually determined by a bending test, in which the ends of a beam or rod are clamped and pressure applied. The aim is to discover how much stress is required to exceed the yield point of the material, or the point at which the material will not return to its original shape after the stress is removed.
Impact strength refers to the ability of a material to withstand impact without cracking or breaking. In other words, it's a way to determine the limit of the energy a material can absorb through impact.
Since the strength of a metal depends on many factors, there is no simple answer to the question "what is the strongest metal?" However, several metals are considered to be the strongest, including:
For example, compare tungsten and titanium
Tungsten is the strongest of all natural metals in terms of tensile strength (142,000 psi). But in terms of impact strength, tungsten is weak -- it's a fragile metal and is known to shatter on impact. Titanium, on the other hand, has a tensile strength of 63,000 psi. But when you calculate the density of titanium and compare it pound to pound, it's better than tungsten. In terms of compressive strength, titanium has a much lower Mohs hardness index.
Knowing which material is the strongest really depends on what you're going to do with it. In some applications, high yield strength is critical, but compressive strength is not a factor.
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Recently, Russia's deputy prime minister said that the number of countries buying Russian oil is increasing, including Asian countries. Russia will use the "East Siberia-Pacific" pipeline system to increase exports to Asian countries and promote the diversification of oil output.
He also said that Russian oil tungsten powder are expected to continue to increase in the future.
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