Home > News >

Overview of methanol development and interpretation of solutions to excess capacity

wallpapers News 2020-07-29

1、 Methanol industry status analysis (1) methanol supply status: in 2012, there were more than 300 methanol production enterprises in China, with a production capacity of 51.

49 million tons / year a production capacity of 31.

29 million tons.

The annual average operating rate is about 60.

8%, the capacity utilization rate is low.

There are many kinds of raw material routes in methanol production in China.

The operating rate is not only affected by the raw material route, but also related to the market conditions of chemical fertilizer coking industry.

Due to the impact of raw material supply price rise, natural gas methanol production capacity utilization rate has been low for many years, with an average operating rate of 73.

7% in 2012.

In the future, the influence of natural gas supply price rising factors will be more significant, the operating rate will show a downward trend.

It is expected that some natural gas methanol plants will be shut down gradually or the raw material structure will be adjusted converted to coal raw material route.

As a comprehensive utilization of resources circular economy industry, coke oven gas methanol has developed rapidly in recent years.

Affected by the coking industry, the methanol operating rate of coke oven gas in 2012 remained at a low level.

The co production of methanol from synthetic ammonia is unique to China's fertilizer industry.

In 2012, the production capacity of coal-based methanol was about 11.

1 million tons / year, accounting for 21.

5% of the total methanol production capacity.

It is an important part of China's methanol industry.

For many years, in order to ensure the supply of chemical fertilizer, the operating rate of the combined alcohol industry has been kept at a low level.

Especially in 2012, the market situation of chemical fertilizer was better, which further reduced the output of combined alcohol.

The annual operating rate was only 40.

7%, with a year-on-year decrease of 7.9%. Coal based methanol production capacity accounts for 45.

2% of the total methanol production capacity, which is the leading methanol industry in China.

In 2012, the output of coal-based monoalcohol reached 15.

16 million tons, the operating rate reached 65.

1%, an increase of 8.

4 percentage points year-on-year.

Due to the lack of commissioning time of the new coal based methanol plant in 2012 the poor production of Datang Duolun MTP project, the overall average operating rate of the country is not high.

If the new capacity of coal-based methanol (3.

8 million tons / year) Duolun methanol (1.

67 million tons / year) are both considered as 50%, the operating rate of coal-based single alcohol field will be increased to 73.8%. In recent years, the development of methanol industry in China has shown the following characteristics: 1.

The industrial layout is mainly in resource areas key consumption areas.

China's methanol production capacity is mainly distributed in the central western regions with raw material advantages some eastern coastal areas with market advantages.

In 2012, the top ten provinces with methanol capacity were Inner Mongolia (16%), Shong (12%), Shanxi (9%), Henan (9%), Shaanxi (7%), Ningxia (5%), Hebei (5%), Chongqing (5%), Xinjiang (4%) Jiangsu (3%), accounting for about 75% of the total methanol production capacity.

In recent years, the domestic methanol production capacity output tend to concentrate to the raw material resources.

In the past 10 years, the methanol production in different regions has also changed.

It is predicted that the methanol production capacity increase in the future will be mainly concentrated in the supporting methanol production capacity of coal to olefins in Northwest China coke oven gas methanol production capacity in North China Northwest China.

Therefore, methanol production capacity will be further concentrated in North China Northwest China in the future.

In addition, each province has its own emphasis on methanol raw material routes.

Methanol enterprises using coal as raw materials are mainly distributed in Shong, Henan, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi other provinces.

natural gas methanol enterprises are mainly distributed in Chongqing, Qinghai, Shaanxi other southwest northwest regions.

coke oven gas methanol enterprises are mainly concentrated in Shanxi, Hebei, Shong, Inner Mongolia other provinces.

Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian other East China provinces cities have the advantages of market, transportation logistics distribution, which can effectively make up for the low cost competitiveness caused by higher coal prices, also occupy an important position in the domestic methanol industry. 2. Coke oven gas methanol has become an important part.

China is short of oil gas relatively rich in coal resources.

The raw material route of methanol production based on coal supplemented by natural gas is suitable for China's national conditions.

In recent years, with the adjustment of national raw material policy technical progress, the newly-built units mainly use coal as raw material, especially those with non anthracite as raw material develop rapidly.

In addition, in recent years, the domestic coking industry has developed rapidly, coke oven gas as a comprehensive utilization of resources has been widely valued, coke oven gas methanol production capacity has increased rapidly, has become an important part of China's methanol industry.

Methanol production capacity of coke oven gas increased rapidly from 180000 tons / year in 2006 to 8.

05 million tons / year in 2012, the proportion of production capacity increased from 1.

3% to 15.6%. 3. Further improvement of industrial concentration in recent years, China's methanol plant scale industrial concentration have been further improved, a number of methanol production enterprises with a capacity of more than 1 million tons have been formed, including Shenhua, Yankuang, Jiutai energy, CNOOC, Yuanxing energy Jiantao chemical.

In 2012, China's top 30 methanol production enterprises accounted for about 75% of the total output, reflecting a high degree of industrial concentration.

However, it also means that the output of the remaining 200 methanol production enterprises only accounts for 25% of the total output.

Generally speaking, there are still many small medium-sized methanol production enterprises in China, mainly distributed in Shanxi, Henan, Hebei other places.

Moreover, the layout of methanol enterprises is relatively scattered, which is not conducive to the centralized storage, transportation processing of commercial methanol, is not conducive to the supervision of environmental protection safety.

(2) methanol consumption analysis: compared with the rapid growth of domestic methanol production, methanol consumption in China has also experienced a rapid growth process.

In 2012, the apparent consumption of methanol in China reached 36.

22 million tons, 8.

8 times of that in 2002.

Since 2004, the apparent consumption of methanol in China has been growing rapidly, with an average annual growth rate of 25.

9% in the past eight years.

On the one h, the steady development of traditional fields such as formaldehyde, acetic acid methane chloride is the main factor driving the rapid growth of methanol consumption in China.

on the other h, the rapid development of emerging fields such as alcohol ether fuel alternative petrochemical raw materials (see Fig.

2 for the supply dem of methanol in recent ten years in China).

Since 2010, the consumption pattern of methanol downstream in China has changed greatly.

The main performance is as follows: the dem for methanol in traditional consumption areas (formaldehyde, acetic acid, methylamine, MTBE, methane chloride, etc.

) tends to grow steadily.

the field of alcohol ether fuel the field of alternative petrochemical raw materials (olefin) develops rapidly (see Table 3 for the changes of methanol consumption structure in 2002, 2007 2012).

In the past 10 years, methanol consumption in traditional fields has maintained a rapid growth, with an average annual growth rate of 21.

4%, but with the downstream market dem tending to be stable saturatedThe growth momentum has slowed down.

Among them, only the acetic acid silicone industries still maintain a strong dem for methanol due to technological breakthroughs.

However, with the overcapacity of acetic acid market saturation, the growth of methanol consumption will slow down in the future.

The use of alcohol ether fuel develops rapidly in some provinces.

In 2012, methanol fuel consumption is estimated to reach 6 million tons (including methanol gasoline, LPG etherification, methylal, etc.

), accounting for 17% of the total methanol consumption.

The consumption of DME replacing LPG is about 6.

9 million tons, accounting for 19% of the total consumption of methanol.

Since 2011, due to the gradual increase of operation load of coal to olefin demonstration projects in China, methanol to olefin field consumed about 4.

24 million tons of methanol in 2012, accounting for 12% of the total consumption.

In addition, in early 2013, the pilot plant of methanol to aromatics was successfully commissioned.

It indicates that the substitution of methanol for petrochemical raw materials will become an important development direction of methanol consumption in China.

Corresponding to the rapid growth of methanol production, the self-sufficiency rate of methanol consumption in China increased rapidly from 56.

4% in 2002 to 97.

7% in 2007, basically achieving a balance between supply dem.

However, due to the impact of foreign low-cost natural gas methanol, China's methanol import has been growing by leaps bounds since 2009, has been maintained at about 5 million tons in recent years.

Second, there are major problems in methanol industry (1) the capacity expansion is too fast, the characteristics of phased overcapacity are obvious Since 2003, with the continuous high fluctuation of international crude oil price the increasing dependence of domestic crude oil on foreign countries, the consumption expectation of domestic methanol fuel replacing oil strategy has been stimulated, resulting in the overheated development of methanol, the rapid expansion of production capacity the centralized release after 2008.

However, the alternative energy of methanol did not reach the previous consumption expectation, the foreign low-cost days added However, the influx of natural gas methanol into the domestic market has caused a great impact on domestic methanol production enterprises, affected the methanol operating rate of domestic enterprises to a certain extent, the whole industry showed a phased overcapacity situation.

In addition, a number of methanol projects under construction will be put into operation in the next two to three years, it is expected that the phased excess of methanol production capacity will further aggravate in the short term.

(2) some enterprises are backward in technology weak in industrial competitiveness.

The contradictions problems accumulated in the long-term extensive development model in China are relatively prominent.

Some enterprises continue to use foreign coal as raw materials or use traditional technologies with low efficiency in resource utilization, continue to exp their capacity to win by quantity.

The quality of industrial development is poor, the overall competitiveness of the industry is weak.

However, foreign natural gas resource countries develop large-scale natural gas methanol with export-oriented, cheap natural gas oilfield associated gas as raw materials, which has significant cost competitive advantages.

It is expected that China will still be an important target market for foreign methanol producers in a long period of time in the future, the impact of foreign low-cost methanol on China's market will exist for a long time.

(3) natural gas methanol faces the challenges of raw material supply price rise.

In recent years, the shortage of natural gas supply the rise of gas price have affected the operating rate of natural gas methanol unit to a certain extent.

As a clean energy, natural gas is of great significance to improve the quality of atmospheric environment.

In the future, the supply of natural gas methanol will be further tightened.

With the marketization of price, the competitiveness of natural gas methanol will be further weakened.

It is expected that some natural gas methanol plants will be gradually shut down or adjusted to coal raw material route.

(4) spatial separation of methanol production marketing: the imbalance of economic development among regions in China leads to obvious regional differences in methanol consumption.

In 2012, methanol consumption in China was mainly concentrated in the economically developed areas of East China Central South China, with 11.

91 million tons 9.

19 million tons respectively, accounting for 33% 25% of the total consumption, followed by North China, accounting for 21% of the total consumption.

In China, the methanol production capacity is mainly distributed in the coal rich areas in the central western regions, the local market capacity is relatively small.

Methanol commodities need to be transported to the target market through a long distance, resulting in serious separation of production marketing regions.

Methanol belongs to hazardous chemicals.

Long distance transportation not only has potential safety hazards, but also wastes transportation capacity due to the use of special tank cars, which increases the unit product sales cost weakens the product competitiveness (the methanol production dem balance of various regions in China is shown in Figure 3).

(5) alcohol ether fuel lacks policy support In recent years, the relevant departments of the state have issued a series of macro policies to support methanol alternative fuel, but at the specific operation level, there is still a lack of relevant supporting policies (pricing mechanism, fiscal taxation policies, development mode, technical platform, etc.

) support, the production, sales application of alcohol ether fuel lack of scientific guidance specification.

In practical work, it is difficult to get the cooperation of transportation, industry commerce, security inspection other departments, while there are certain security risks. 3. Analysis forecast of methanol supply dem balance in the future (1) the growth of commercial methanol production capacity will slow down in the future.

In particular, the notice on stardizing the orderly development of coal chemical industry (fgy [2011] No.

635) issued by the national development Reform Commission in 2011 further tightened the approval management of methanol projects.

In the future, the capacity growth of commercial methanol projects that only exp production capacity will be limited, the methanol production capacity growth will mainly come from the coal to methanol to olefin project some natural gas methanol raw material structure transformation projects.

According to the current progress of domestic methanol projects under construction, considering the gradual shutdown of some backward production capacity, it is estimated that the domestic methanol production capacity will be maintained at about 58 million tons / year in 2015 85 million tons / year in 2020.

The new capacity will mainly come from the coal to olefin field.

(2) stable growth of dem, phased excess will ease the situation of periodic excess methanol capacity will continue for a period of time, but the blind expansion of domestic commercial methanol capacity has begun to slow down.

At the same time, with the continuous expansion of downstream methanol replacing petrochemical raw materials (olefins, aromatics), downstream dem has shown signs of stable growth.

In this context, methanol industry is expected to experience a steady transition to a good process.

It is estimated that the domestic methanol dem will reach 46.

75 million tons in 2015, the methanol production capacity will still be surplus.

with the further development of the field of methanol replacing petrochemical raw materials, the methanol dem is expected to reach 76 million tons in 2020.

During 2015-2020, coal to olefin upgrading demonstration projects will be put into operation successively, which will greatly increase the operating rate of coal to methanol.

In addition, under the premise that the methanol industry is eliminated backward, technology upgrading, structural adjustment measures are in place, the competitiveness of methanol is significantly improved, it is expected that the operating rate of the methanol industry will be further improved in 2020, the contradiction of phased excess capacity will be alleviated.

Measures suggestions for promoting the structural adjustment of methanol industry: 1.

Formulate access conditions, stardize the development of methanol industry, strictly control the total amount of methanol, resolutely curb the blind development momentum of methanol, implement capacity replacement for newly built methanol, guide anthracite methanol enterprises natural gas methanol enterprises to adjust or withdraw from the raw material route.

It is suggested that the entry conditions of methanol industry should be formulated to improve the entry management threshold of methanol enterprises. 2. Promote enterprise merger reorganization, extend the industrial chain, improve competitiveness.

Support methanol enterprises energy enterprises to integrate production factors, optimize resource allocation, realize complementary advantages, form large intensive enterprise groups, improve industrial concentration.

Increase the research development of downstream application fields of methanol, focus on the development of deep-processing products with high technology content, market dem high added value in the fields of new chemical materials, fine chemicals clean energy.

The methanol to olefin industry can be concentrated in the central western regions to alleviate the difficulties of methanol to olefin industry development by concentrating on the methanol industry in the central western regions. 3. Strengthen the formulation of stards regulations to stardize the development of alternative energy industry We will strengthen the demonstration, promotion formulation of regulations stards for the use of new alcohol ether fuels in civil, automotive other fields, gradually establish improve the production, circulation, use service regulations stard system, stardize the production, sales application of alcohol ether fuel, realize the healthy development of alternative fuel field. 4. Speed up the elimination of backward production capacity strengthen industry supervision.

Formulate the methanol industry elimination stards from the aspects of environmental protection, energy conservation, water use, safety, etc.

, urge the methanol plants that do not meet the requirements to withdraw within a time limit by means of differential water price, electricity price, finance taxation.

To establish a long-term industry supervision management mechanism.

Environmental protection, quality supervision, industry commerce, safety supervision other departments should strengthen the supervision inspection of methanol industry according to their respective responsibilities in accordance with relevant policies access conditions.

At the same time, we should give full play to the role of industry organizations, establish improve the industry information release early warning system, timely release national industrial policies to the society, coordinate major issues in the development of the industry, strengthen industry self-discipline, reduce blind investment, guide the healthy development of the industry.


TRUNNANO (aka. Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd.) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years' experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. The nitride powder produced by our company has high purity, fine particle size and impurity content. Please contact us if necessary. (aka. Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd.) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years' experience in providing super high-quality chemicals Nanomaterials. The nitride powder produced by our company has high purity, fine particle size impurity content. Please contact us if necessary.
TRUNNANO (aka. Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd.) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years' experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. The nitride powder produced by our company has high purity, fine particle size and impurity content. Please contact us if necessary.