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Development of domestic soda ash industry and interpretation of solutions to overcapacity

wallpapers News 2020-11-03
Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), also known as soda, is an important basic chemical raw material. Soda ash industry plays an important role in promoting the development of national economy improving people's living stards. It is widely used in glass industry, chemical products, detergent, alumina other industries. In recent years, the rapid development of the real estate industry, flat glass other related industries has greatly stimulated the dem for soda ash promoted the rapid growth of domestic soda ash production capacity output. Since 2003, the output of soda ash in China ranks the second in the world, second only to the United States. In 2012, the domestic soda ash production capacity accounted for 45% of the world's total capacity, the output accounted for 42% of the world's total output. In recent ten years, the capacity output of domestic soda ash have continued to grow at a high speed: in 2002, the capacity of soda ash was only 11 million tons / year; in 2012, it reached 28.7 million tons / year, with an average annual growth rate of 10%. Among them, the capacity of combined alkali process is 14.4 million tons, accounting for 50% of the total capacity; the capacity of ammonia alkali process is 12.5 million tons / year, accounting for 44%; the capacity of natural alkali process is 1.8 million tons, accounting for 6%. According to the statistics of China Soda Ash Industry Association, the output of soda ash in 2012 was 24.01 million tons, 13.9 million tons higher than that in 2002, with an average annual growth rate of 9%. Among them, the output of combined alkali process is 12.02 million tons, accounting for 50% of the total output; the output of ammonia alkali process is 10.32 million tons, accounting for 43%; the output of natural alkali process is 1.67 million tons, accounting for 7%.

(2) consumption situation

in recent years, driven by the real estate, automobile other industries, the domestic glass industry has developed vigorously, which has promoted the consumption growth of soda ash. From 2002 to 2012, the average annual growth rate of domestic soda ash consumption was 1.3 million tons, with an average annual growth rate of 9.2%. At present, 48% of the domestic soda ash production is used for the production of flat glass daily glass, 20% for the production of inorganic salt products, 5% for the production of synthetic washing powder, 2% for the production of alumina, 7% for export, the remaining 18% for the production of other industrial products inventory.

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(3) organizational structure production capacity distribution of

at present, there are 44 soda production enterprises in China (53 sets of production plants), accounting for more than half of the total number of soda ash enterprises in the world. Among them, there are 12 ammonia alkali enterprises, 31 joint alkali enterprises 1 natural alkali enterprise. The average scale of domestic soda ash enterprises is small polarization is serious: the scale of the largest enterprise is 3 million tons / year, the minimum is only 30000 tons / year, the average scale is about 650000 tons / year; there are 19 Enterprises with production capacity of more than 600000 tons / year, accounting for 79% of the total capacity; there are 9 enterprises between 300000 tons / year 600 thous tons / year, accounting for 13% of the total capacity; 16 enterprises less than 300000 tons / year, accounting for only 8% of the total capacity.

domestic soda enterprises are distributed in 22 provincial administrative regions, basically covering the national consumer market. Among them, the top five provinces of soda ash production capacity are Shong, Jiangsu, Henan, Hebei Qinghai, accounting for 64.6% of the total domestic capacity.

(IV) process equipment of

domestic soda production processes include ammonia alkali process, combined soda process natural alkali process. Among them, the ammonia alkali process is a traditional production process with good product quality less investment per unit capacity, but the waste residue is large difficult to be treated can only be stored for a long time; the combined alkali process is a unique production process in China, which has the advantages of less waste residue production high resource utilization efficiency, but it needs to build a supporting ammonia plant, with large investment, most of the combined alkali enterprises are transformed by small chemical fertilizer plants However, there are some problems, such as weak technology management, high consumption; natural alkali process has the advantages of low cost no pollution, but the production is restricted by the distribution of resources, only one domestic enterprise adopts the process.

in recent years, China's soda ash enterprises have adopted a large number of new processes, new technologies, new equipment new materials, promoting the overall level of technology equipment of the industry to a large extent: the development of new shift gas caustic soda process, non cold carbonization process, melamine tail gas caustic soda process, salt alkali calcium recycling process other new processes; emerging dry ash adding technology, vacuum distillation technology, ammonia Advanced energy-saving emission reduction technologies with independent intellectual property rights, such as alkali white mud desulfurization technology, calcium carbide slag refining brine technology, centrifuge for heavy alkali secondary filtration technology, flue gas recycling technology other advanced technologies with independent intellectual property rights; developed 65m2 horizontal belt type alkali filter, 650m3 CO2 screw compressor, powder flow soda cooler other advanced equipment, promoted the development of soda ash industry to large-scale, automatic efficient direction.

2. The existing problems

(1) serious overcapacity, which has obviously exceeded the sales. Before 2008, the operating rate of soda ash industry has been maintained above 90%. After 2008, affected by the financial crisis the rapid expansion of production capacity, the operating rate of the industry dropped by more than 10 percentage points, only 83% in 2012. At present, there are still a large number of soda ash production capacity under construction planning in China: there are 11 projects under construction with a total capacity of 6.25 million tons, which are expected to be completed put into operation in the next two years; there are 10 planned projects with a capacity of 7.4 million tons. If no strict regulation control measures are introduced, it is estimated that by 2015, the soda ash production capacity will reach 34.95 million tons / year or even more, while the dem can only be maintained at about 25 million tons. By then, the production capacity will be 10 million tons, the operating rate will be only 71%, which will have a huge negative impact on the development of the national local economy. The

(II) the expansion of the loss area has threatened the industrial security.

have been affected by overcapacity market depression, the loss area of soda ash industry has continued to exp. In 2012, 83% of the ammonia alkali enterprises suffered losses, with the loss amount reaching 1.974 billion yuan; 54.8% of the combined alkali enterprises suffered losses, with the loss amount of 1.18 billion yuan. After the break even, the whole industry lost 2 billion yuan. In 2013, the market situation of soda ash has not improved, the loss of enterprises has continued to exp. As of June 2013, soda ash industry has been in a continuous loss for 18 months, 85% of the enterprises are in the state of loss, an increase of 24% compared with 2012. After the break even, the industry's loss reached 1.58 billion yuan. It is estimated that in the second half of the year, the difficult situation will still be difficult to change. In the long run, a large number of soda ash enterprises will be forced to reduce production or stop production, seriously threatening the safety of soda ash industry.

(3) the treatment of waste liquid waste residue has seriously restricted the development of ammonia alkali enterprisesFor each ton of soda ash produced by ammonia alkali process, about 10 cubic meters of waste liquid 300 kg of waste residue will be produced. At present, most of the world's soda ash enterprises mainly rely on the disposal of ammonia alkali waste liquid by sea discharge, the treatment of ammonia alkali waste residue mainly depends on storage. With the improvement of production living environment, the living space for ammonia alkali enterprises in the eastern coastal areas will be smaller smaller. If the development mode can not be changed the pollution emission storage can not be reduced, the survival of ammonia alkali enterprises will face serious constraints of environmental protection.

3. Analysis of the causes of overcapacity In order to stimulate GDP employment, some local government departments use administrative power to intervene in the investment behavior of enterprises, resulting in some projects without basic elements such as resources, energy, market, etc., some places did not strictly implement the "Guiding Catalogue of industrial structure adjustment" "admittance conditions of soda ash industry", resulting in some failing to meet the requirements of industrial policies The project passed the approval, filing EIA.

(2) some enterprises take resource possession as the purpose. Many enterprises cater to the local regulations that "if they want to obtain resources, they must build large projects locally" invest in the local areas for the purpose of occupying resources. After 2007, many soda ash projects are aimed at occupying coal mine, salt mine, salt lake other resources for the purpose of seeking greater long-term interests.

(3) some enterprises overestimate their competitive advantages.

enterprises in the East think that they are close to the market ignore the problems of high energy prices high financial costs; western enterprises overemphasize the advantages of resources costs, neglect the problems of long distance from the market, high transportation sales costs, tight transportation capacity. In spite of the advantages of "new" "dead end" enterprises in the market, it is still to be observed who has the advantages of "new" "big" enterprises in terms of technology equipment. They are full of self-confidence in market competition: "to die, it's definitely not me.

(4) the mechanism of capacity exit is not perfect.

are: firstly, local governments are not willing to exit enterprises for the sake of GDP, tax employment; secondly, banks try their best not to let enterprises exit in order to avoid bad debts dead debts; thirdly, there are many difficulties such as employee placement no policy support, so enterprises do not want to can not quit until they have to.

(V) lack of means of inspection, reward punishment

industrial structure adjustment guidance catalogue soda ash industry access conditions issued by the national development Reform Commission the Ministry of industry information technology have strong pertinence, clear specific requirements. If they are seriously implemented, they will achieve immediate results in curbing blind expansion of the industry eliminating backward production capacity. However, although the policy is good, the supervision has not been implemented in place, resulting in the policy implementation effect greatly reduced.

4. Suggestions on resolving overcapacity

(1) it is suggested that new soda ash projects should not be approved registered within five years. The

should implement the relevant requirements of the Guiding Catalogue for industrial restructuring the admittance conditions for soda ash industry. Banks will not provide loans for new soda ash projects.

(2) implement access announcement management for soda ash enterprises.

are not clear about the status of "access conditions for soda ash industry" in the industrial policy, which leads to the weak execution of local government, even the situation of negative treatment protection of illegal enterprises. Therefore, it is suggested that the soda ash enterprises should be included in the announcement management, so as to implement the admittance conditions of soda ash industry resolve the contradiction of overcapacity.

(3) implement the published laws regulations, establish an exit mechanism, accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity

inspects the energy consumption, environmental protection, quality other aspects of soda ash enterprises. According to the provisions of "admittance conditions of soda ash industry", "clean production stard of soda ash industry" "energy consumption quota of unit product of soda ash", it is suggested that enterprises that do not meet the requirements should be withdrawn by means of capacity replacement government redemption, so as to accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity.

(4) comprehensively consider decentralization regulatory functions.

in the premise of imperfect supervision, it is suggested that the relevant departments of the state should unify the EIA of new soda ash projects, the decentralization of project approval authority the supervision in place, so as to prevent the situation of excess from deteriorating.

(V) guide enterprises to carry out reorganization integration.

enterprises have multiple advantages. It is not only conducive to the realization of centralized procurement, increasing the discourse power of purchase price, but also conducive to the optimization of sales transportation links, saving costs. What's more important is to be able to optimize the capacity after falling through restructuring integration, while reducing unnecessary vicious competition. In view of the comprehensive situation in soda ash industry some difficulties in enterprises, it is suggested that the government should introduce relevant policies to encourage guide enterprises to carry out merger reorganization. "


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TRUNNANO (aka. Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd.) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years' experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. The nitride powder produced by our company has high purity, fine particle size and impurity content. Please contact us if necessary.